How to Organize a Protest to Stop Puppy Mill Dog Sales

Peaceful protest at a pet store, with people holding signs to adopt a pet and stop puppy mills

Looking for ways to stop puppy mills? Learn how to organize a peaceful and effective pet store demonstration in this action kit, which includes information on planning, setting goals, building a support base, and preparing materials.


Holding a peaceful demonstration at a pet store can be an extremely effective way to voice your opinion about pet stores and the inhumane breeders who supply them with puppies. Even more important, it gives potential customers a reason to stop, think, and learn the facts so that they can make a more informed decision before they walk in and buy a puppy.

More and more people are becoming active in the fight against puppy mills in their own communities by holding peaceful protests in front of stores that sell puppies from mills. The following guide will help you start your own peaceful rally at a pet store, but please keep in mind that every situation is different. What works with one store and in one community might not work in another. One thing is certain though: Organizing a peaceful demonstration will be a lot of work, but you will make a difference!

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Background on puppy mill initiatives

Right now, hundreds of thousands of adult dogs are suffering on the “production line” in America’s puppy mills. Typically confined to cages for their entire breeding lives, these dogs have little to none of the human contact they desire, and it’s all because consumers are creat­ing a demand — in most cases unknowingly — by purchasing puppies at pet stores and over the internet instead of choosing adoption.

With your help, we can reduce the number of animals who are killed in the country’s shelters every single day to zero. Together, we can Save Them All by fighting against puppy mills and irresponsible breeding. Help us make a difference by educating the public about the connection between puppy mills, pet stores, and internet puppy sales; encouraging people to adopt rather than buy pets; and advocating for better laws to combat puppy mills.

To learn more about Best Friends Animal Society's puppy mill initiatives, go to

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Preparation and planning

Choosing a pet store is the first and most important step in the planning process for your peaceful protest. Begin by choosing the puppy mill-supplied store you are most interested in demonstrating against. And then do the research to find out whether it’s the best store to focus on, considering all local laws and ordinances. Good stores to research first are those that sell a lot of commercially bred puppies and are centrally located, which makes them desirable for media attention and easily accessible to volunteers for your demonstration.

A store demonstration requires compliance with local and state laws and can even involve the U.S. Constitution. Before you begin organizing a demonstration, become familiar with the demonstration, boycott, and unfair competition rules and regulations in your location, ideally through consultation with a qualified attorney.

The rules governing peaceful demonstrations within shopping malls are different from those that apply to outdoor gatherings, so you should factor that into your decision. In California, for example, the Supreme Court has determined that shopping malls cannot prohibit demonstrators from urging a public boycott of their stores, even if the demonstrators are on mall property (although the mall may determine when and where, specifically, these demonstrations occur). Your state might have a different rule, so it’s important to do your research.

Whether you demonstrate in a mall, out on the street, or in front of a store in a strip mall, be absolutely sure that you do not violate any local ordinances. Here are some of the issues you are likely to encounter and will need to be fully aware of and prepared for:

  • Find out exactly where the public/private property lines begin and end. You can find out by calling the local police department or the department of public works. Most likely, you will need to hold your peaceful demonstration on public property — for example, the sidewalk on a city street near the pet store. Malls (strip malls included) are private property. Demonstrators also might not be allowed to park in the mall parking lot or to walk through it. Any information about your exact location’s public property status should be in writing from whichever department you obtain it. Print it out and bring it with you to the demonstrations, so you can quickly and easily reassure the police, mall personnel, store owners, or anyone else who asks that you are acting within the law.
  • A permit might be required before you can hold a peaceful demonstration. You might also have to provide advance notice to the local police department. Find out well ahead of time what the rules are.
  • If you are not able to retain counsel to assist you, we suggest that you contact the American Civil Liberties Union. The ACLU has an affiliate in every state:
  • All statements made publicly or in relation to the peaceful demonstration must be accurate in all respects and should not infer any intent to drive a store out of business. This means not only avoiding exaggeration but also doing your homework and verifying facts before stating them as truth. You don’t want to be guilty of slander or misrepresentation. Do not make statements (in print and/or verbally) that are generalizations and/or that sensationalize the issue, such as “Puppy mill owners shove metal pipes down their dogs’ throats.”

The rules and regulations should not be difficult to follow as long as you are aware of them. It is essential that you and your group conduct yourselves in an organized, professional manner at all times. If you know the rules and abide by them, generally local authorities will be appreciative and won’t give you any trouble.

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Set your goals

When choosing which store to focus on, it is important to set goals and milestones. Be respectful of your participants’ time and commitment by giving them a clear indication of what outcome you are hoping for. 

The goal of your pet store demonstrations should be to encourage the store to stop selling dogs from puppy mills, not to close the store. In fact, the surest way for you to get into legal trouble is to advocate for a store’s closure. A successful demonstration ends with the store choosing to adopt a more humane business model — one that does not support puppy mills. 

Consider these goals as possibilities for your peaceful demonstrations:

  • Convince the store to stop selling puppies and to instead focus on the sale of pet supplies and/or grooming or daycare services.
  • Convince the store to stop selling puppies from puppy mills and other irresponsible breeders and to instead host mobile adoptions for shelters or rescue groups.
  • Educate customers before they go into the store in hopes that they will choose to adopt, rather than buy, a puppy.
  • Promote adoption as a more appealing option for those looking to obtain a pet.

Remember to set realistic goals. Holding a peaceful demonstration at a pet store for one afternoon might draw attention to your cause, but it likely won't stop the ongoing sale of puppy mill dogs from that store.

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Gather the facts

A peaceful demonstration campaign is a big commitment; you wouldn’t be doing it if you weren’t passionate about the cause and firm in your belief that selling irresponsibly bred puppies and other pets is wrong. But your goal is to convince other people of this, and solid facts and evidence are your best tools. You’ll want to cover all angles: puppy mill cruelty, pet homelessness, and if possible evidence that the store has sold sick pets.

Gather as much hard information on the breeders and the store as possible. Having good facts enables you to speak with authority and in a meaningful way that is also truthful. 

Many people make the mistake of confusing beliefs, opinions, and hopes with the factual truth, which exposes them to claims of defamation or unfair competition. Making such a mistake could put you at risk of being sued. So be certain that all of your data is completely current and accurate so that you do not give anyone the ability to challenge your credibility or make you or your group vulnerable to legal action.

Your facts should come together to support your goal, whether it’s to convince people not to shop at the store or to convince the store to stop selling animals.

There are two ways to go about holding demonstrations at a pet store:

  • You can demonstrate at a pet store with generic messaging, which does not require investigation of the store’s suppliers.
  • After doing in-depth research on the pet store, you can demonstrate at the store with evidence about that specific store and its suppliers.

If you are unable to fully research or investigate a pet store and its suppliers, you can still hold effective peaceful rallies, but you must also be very careful with your messaging. If you want to hold a demonstration at a store but don’t have solid data, keep your messaging generic to avoid the danger of making statements that are not true.

Use signs and slogans that encourage adoption, and focus on pet homelessness or the fact that puppies are a lifelong commitment and therefore should not be purchased on impulse. Some sample slogans include:

  • Save a life: Adopt a shelter pet
  • Choose pet adoption
  • Please don’t support the pet trade: Save a shelter pet
  • Around 400,000 cats and dogs were killed in U.S. shelters last year: Adopt a pet
  • More than 1,000 cats and dogs were killed every day in U.S. shelters in 2023: Adopt a pet
  • Please adopt your next pet

Research the pet store

If you do decide to research a pet store and its suppliers to gather evidence about that particular store, here are the steps to follow:

1. Find out where the store gets its puppies.

Pet store employees generally tell their customers that puppies come from licensed or registered breeders. They are referring to USDA-licensed breeders, which are generally the high-volume commercial breeders that most people recognize as puppy mills. 

To get hard data on the store’s suppliers, your best bet is to contact an organization (see list below) that actively investigates and tracks breeders who supply pet stores. Several organizations have funds and staff dedicated specifically to this work. Contact one or more, let them know what you’re doing, and ask whether they have collected any information about the store or the breeders who supply the store.

In some cities, pet stores are required to display a puppy’s breeder on the cage. So it is easy to do your research by visiting the store before you begin the demonstrations and recording the information on each puppy’s cage. In other cities, this information is more difficult to obtain. No matter where you are, finding out who supplies the puppies is only the first step; you need more than just a name and address to show what the store’s suppliers really are. 

Here is a list of organizations to contact:

2. Collect information from pet store customers.

Create a contact sheet and gather names of people who have purchased sick dogs or have had negative experiences with the pet store you are focusing on. Follow up with them, and get details so that you can educate others with personal experiences. 

You can also check websites that post complaints — try,, and Post a free ad asking for information about customers’ experiences with the store.

3. Contact the Better Business Bureau and animal services.

Find out from the Better Business Bureau and your local animal services department whether people have filed complaints against the store. Animal services can usually be reached by calling the police department or city hall. If that is not the case in your area, ask how to contact animal services and/or who takes complaints about your local pet stores.

4. Look up reports for the breeders.

On the U.S. Department of Agriculture website, you can look up licensing and registration reports for the breeders.

Research local shelter statistics and adoptable animals

1. Gather statistics from your local shelters and animal services department. 

Shelters’ intake and save rate are indisputable evidence to help you make a case that breeding more dogs doesn’t make sense. Check your local shelter’s website for its statistics, or contact the shelter directly. If you are unable to find the information, you can use the current national statistic, which is that more than 1,000 dogs and cats were killed in this country's animal shelters each day in 2023. Use these statistics in your messaging to the public and the media.

2. Create a list of shelters and rescue groups in the area of the pet store. 

Include each organization’s location, website, and phone number on the list. Make copies to hand out to people who are looking to obtain a pet and are interested and/or willing to adopt one. You can find a listing, by zip code, of shelters and rescue groups by visiting

3. Before each demonstration, print out a list (with pictures) of local adoptable animals. 

Choose a variety of dogs, cats, puppies, and kittens listed on local organizations’ websites to show people specific examples of animals who are currently waiting at the shelter. By giving people an alternative to buying from the store, you not only discourage purchase of pets, but you also help save the lives of pets in shelters, particularly when you emphasize the cost of purchasing a pet versus the (usually much lower) cost of adopting.

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Build a support base

A lone peaceful demonstrator can be effective in the short term. But if you want to cause lasting change, you’re going to need help. Ideally, you’ll find allies who will commit to the cause from beginning to end. Consider partnering with rescue groups, nonprofits, friends, and like-minded people and asking them to join your demonstrations.

To make an impression on both the store and the general public, we suggest a minimum of 10 people. However, a group as small as five can make a difference if you stay focused, cohesive, and professional in your appearance and delivery.

Find people to join your cause

The following are some ways to find people who will make a commitment to your cause.

  • Pet-related events: Attend adoption events, dog walks, dog shows, pet expos — any event likely to attract pet lovers. Set up a table, talk about puppy mills, and have a sign-up sheet for those interested in supporting your peaceful demonstrations.
  • The Best Friends Network: The Best Friends Network comprises of thousands of nonprofit animal organizations committed to saving the lives of homeless pets. You could find people who want to get involved in your cause by contacting participating organizations located near you.
  • The Best Friends 2025 Action Team: Grassroots volunteers are organizing in their own neighborhoods to advocate for pets and educate the public about puppy mills. Be a part of this compassionate movement by joining a local team of animal advocates or starting your own.
  • Other online meet-up groups: You can also reach people by posting on other sites. Recruit peaceful demonstrators online by setting up an account on sites made just for bringing people into a cause. Some good sites to try are,, and (only for nonprofits seeking volunteers).
  • Other social networking sites: Use free, popular social networking sites like Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram, Pinterest, and YouTube to get people involved. Be sure to include the pertinent details (what, when, where, who to contact) as well as compelling information that will make people want to join you. Once you have launched your peaceful demonstration campaign, you can post photos to share with your participants and give potential recruits an idea of what the demonstrations look like. 
  • Word of mouth: It’s highly effective and free! Encourage the peaceful demonstration team to spread the word to their friends, family, co-workers, fellow animal lovers, and concerned citizens.
  • Petition sites: Set up a petition that outlines your goal, and get as many people as possible to sign it. Include a web link or contact information for people who come across the petition and want to get involved with your demonstrations. A good petition website is

Bring it all together

If you’ve reached out far and wide to gather fellow demonstrators, you’ll want to give everyone a sense of solidarity. Create a schedule so that you can determine the frequency of demonstrations that works best for you and your participants. Give your group a name and a brand, and then get out and promote yourselves!

  • Frequency of demonstrations: If you are trying to get a pet store to stop selling puppy mill dogs, organizing a demonstration for a single day most likely won't succeed in achieving that goal. Rather, you will need to commit to weekly demonstrations. You can avoid burnout by scheduling shifts of one to three hours, depending on the number of participants. If you are unable to commit to holding a demonstration once a week and can only get the volunteers to organize one demonstration, try to gather as many participants as possible, and make sure you have coordinated a press release to get media to cover your event. This way, your efforts will draw more attention and reach more people.
  • Online alerts, emails, and petitions: Keep in touch with your fellow peaceful demonstrators. Whoever is in charge of notifying the group will benefit from signing up for a mass email or e-newsletter delivery service. You can also use social media to communicate with your group.

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Materials to have at every peaceful demonstration

Your point is to educate. And to best do this, you need to have handouts to give passersby, along with well-designed, professional-looking signs. You will also want to be prepared to gather information if people who have bought animals at the store approach you. 

Here is a list of print materials to prepare before you arrive at the pet store:

  • Customer contact sheet: Collect contact information from anyone who tells you they have bought a pet from the store. This information will help you confirm the suppliers to the store, as well as give you good leads for customer descriptions of their experiences with the store. (When you collect information from customers, ask to see the paperwork they got from the store with their puppy. That paperwork has the breeder’s name and often includes the breeder’s address and USDA number.)
  • Sign-in sheet for your volunteers/ demonstrators: Keep track of who is there with you, and make sure you have current contact information for everyone.
  • List of shelters and rescue groups in your area: Have a master list with each organization’s location, website, and phone number. Make copies to hand out to people who want to get a pet and are interested and/or willing to adopt one.
  • Photos, bios, and information about adoptable animals available at local shelters/rescue groups: Make an updated list for every demonstration. Include all the pertinent information about each animal (name, shelter ID number, etc.) so that potential adopters have the information they need to track down that animal. Searching Petfinder or local shelters’ websites is an easy way to collect this information. Look for dogs and puppies who are similar to the dogs for sale in the pet store, as you want to offer a comparable alternative for people who might be willing to adopt rather than buy.
  • One-sheet handouts: Create a one page (double-sided) document that on the front explains why you are demonstrating against the pet store (e.g., there is proof that the store sells dogs from irresponsible breeders, there are thousands of animals in shelters who are awaiting homes) and on the back lists adoption options, local shelter information, and alternative pet stores that sell supplies only. This handout is the “takeaway” for anyone who walks by.
  • Your petition: If you have a petition going, bring it. During the peaceful demonstrations, you can collect petition signatures in support of your efforts to present to mall owners, the media, or local government officials. Because most people will not want to reveal their home address or phone number, you might want to request only a name, city of residence, and optional email address. Consider including a comment section on your petition. This is not an official legislative petition but merely a compilation of public support for your campaign.


The first thing people will see at your demonstration are the signs you hold. It is extremely important to have attractive signs. If design isn’t a strength of yours or anyone in your group, consult friends and family who might help or pay a professional. If you don’t have funds to pay for signs, hold a fundraiser.

To make a good impression, signs should be:

  • Professional-looking: Make sure signs are standardized, accurate, spelled correctly, and branded with the name of your group and/or campaign.
  • Respectful, cohesive, and easy to understand: Avoid anything that appears homemade, mean-spirited, or graphic.
  • Clear and concise: Your visual messaging should be relevant to the store at which you are holding peaceful demonstrations, and it should focus on consumer fraud and puppy mills (provided you have proof that the store is selling dogs supplied by mills) and support for adoption versus purchase.


If possible, set up a laptop computer, television, or projector with investigative video and/or news footage of the store. This can be a very powerful tool, as visual images offer a credible (and often independent) source of proof to support your claims. 

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Showtime: Peaceful demonstration tips and follow-up

No matter how many people you have at a demonstration, it’s a good idea to designate on-site roles and responsibilities that fit everyone’s comfort level. That way, each person involved has a specific job and feels confident and valuable — and your demonstration is orderly and respectful. Most volunteers prefer to be directed; they don’t want to feel insecure or confused about their role. In the event that police or media arrive, make sure everyone knows to whom they should talk.

If you only have a few people, then more than one role should be assigned to each person until all roles are filled. As new people join you, roles can be redistributed.

Suggested roles to fill include:

  • Leader: Demonstrations are a concerted effort, and entrusting someone to be in charge is extremely important.
  • Media point person: This person should be comfortable in front of a camera and should be able to stay on message while being interviewed. They must be able to clearly communicate your goals for demonstrating, as well as any supporting facts you’ve gathered.
  • Law enforcement liaison: This person should remain calm and respectful at all times. Remember to have all applicable ordinances and permits printed out to show that you’re aware of and abiding by them.
  • Volunteer coordinator or greeter: If new demonstrators show up, have a designated person to welcome them and familiarize them with everyone’s roles and, most importantly, the applicable laws and rules. This person should get to know demonstrators on a first-name basis and should collect contact information from each participant.

It is critical that all participants conduct themselves responsibly and respectfully. After all, you do not want to alienate either surrounding business owners or the public — nor do you want to give the pet store valid cause to lodge complaints or lawsuits. One of your goals should be to engage the community and rally support for your cause. And that means keeping the spirit of your demonstrations positive and refraining from communication that is overly emotional or personal.

You will find that you have more effective interaction with the public if your group presents itself as concerned, responsible people who belong in the environment in which you are demonstrating, rather than animal activists. To avoid intimidating people and putting them on the defensive, dress neatly, conduct yourselves appropriately, and avoid confrontation at all times. This can be challenging, particularly if store employees, customers, or members of the public try to antagonize or intimidate you. But any negative communication or behavior on your part will only reflect poorly on your group. Always take the high road, and focus on your mission.

Try to keep all interaction with the public on a one-on-one basis. To keep the communication controlled and respectful, if one of your participants is conversing with a person outside of your group, try not to interject unless truly necessary. Do not insist that members of the public engage in conversation or accept your handout materials if they are not willing. Let them continue on their way so that you can focus on the next person.

Finally, be respectful of the community. Make sure that your group leaves no trash or personal belongings at the peaceful rally site.

After the event, here are some follow-up steps to take:

  • Follow up with your group and show them gratitude: Always thank participants for their time and commitment in person, and send a follow-up email. For a more personal touch, send individual emails rather than a bulk email.
  • Do ongoing training and orientations: Keep people prepared, informed, and involved with your peaceful rallies by holding regular volunteer trainings. Discuss your goals and guidelines, and role-play situations that might occur while on-site at a demonstration. Ideally, demonstrators will have attended an orientation before participating, so they are completely prepared to help you carry out your mission.
  • Create a private online discussion forum: This is a good place for your group to post their questions, concerns, or ideas each week.

Now that you have the tools, you’re ready to go out and change the world! There are still millions of well-intentioned animal lovers buying puppies from pet stores each year. The simple act of providing people with more information about pet stores, puppy mills, and adoption options has a big impact and helps save lives. Even if you reach just one person with a peaceful demonstration, that’s one more person who will never again unknowingly support the puppy mill industry. Together, we can Save Them All.